Ethnographic Museum of Transbaikalia is the only outdoor museum in the Republic of Buryatia. It refers to the so-called museums Skansen, on the territory of which traditional places of existence and restored historical monuments were moved. The museum was founded in 1968.
Every year the museum organizes several major expeditions in the above regions for the purpose of acquisition of the museum, which now has about 15,000 items. It should be noted that the museum focused on truly unique monuments of folk architecture, typical of our region in the chronological period of XIX - early XX.
The museum has 7 exposition complexes which shows the traditional culture and life of the people, long inhabiting Baikal: Evenki of Baikal and Transbaikal Buryats, old-timers Russians, Cossack Old Believers - Semeiskie. The museum also presents: the archaeological complex with unique archaeological monuments (Huns dwelling, hipped and tiled graves, burial mounds - hereksury, etc.) and urban complex "Old Verkhneudinsk" which focused immovable monuments of Ulan-Ude XIX - early XX centuries. retreaded in a typical interior.
Since 1976, the wildlife exposition works in the ethnography museum. Today it is one of the most interesting sections, where the fauna of Siberia is presented. Recently, "The wildlife Corner" is constantly growing with new animal species, thus expanding the original problem showing only the fauna of Transbaikalia. According to the general development plan of the museum new objects will be added to expositions. Now the length of the guided tour is more than three kilometers and lasts about two hours. Since opening Ethnographic Museum is very popular among the population of the Republic of Buryatia and its guests. Every year the museum visited by more than 100,000 people, which is high for our region.
Transbaikal old-believers - Semey - represent one of the most interesting groups of the region. Exiled here in the mid-XVIII century, they brought with them retained vivid elements of the ancient Russian national culture. Old-believers in the new lands lived in big and distinct groups which formed the core of Transbaikalia farmers. Old-believers complex is a typical street-sided buildings of the late XIX - early XX centuries. There are houses of the peasants of different incomes: house "communication" of a prosperous farmer with all the outbuildings, peasant hut - artisan, home of a wealthy Old Believer, and in some distance the chapel bespopovtsev (believers without priest).
Urban complex has emerged as a fort to collect tribute from the Buryat and Evenki, has grown rapidly and in 1689 was granted city status. In the early XIX century it was the second largest settlement of the region, although it had only 4000 inhabitants. Old Verkhneudinsk was small: the number of the streets no more than twenty, but it made a favorable impression. With the emergence of Verkhneudinsk fair begins a new life of the ancient city. Powerful impetus to the development of the city gave a holding of the Siberian railway in the late 19th - early 20th centuries.
In all ages the Russian Cossacks served for the Fatherland, protecting it in the outer reaches. Zabaikal'e combat friendship Russian and Buryat people was sealed by a joint service of guarding the border. The climax of the exhibition is the house of the Village Ataman - genuine monument of the late 19th century. He was transported to the museum of the former Ascension streets of the village of Zaudinskiy Verkhneudinsk. Cossack was a cultural city resident, which was due to close trade ties with the city wealthy Cossacks, especially this relationship emerged in the late 19th - early 20th centuries. The house is divided by partitions into plank cottage with kitchen and formal rooms. In the main rooms in the red corner shrine hung on the wall to hang out weapons and Cossack dress - tunic.
The goal of the Ethnographic Museum is to maintain and present the culture of indigenous Transbaikalia people. Sojoty - people inhabiting and mastered the region in the ancient times. They remained unexplored for a long time. Despite this, the museum did not ignore the project to create in its territory exhibition complex of the Soyots culture. Modern Soyots - small nation who lived in the territory of the Oka region of Buryatia. Sojoty are separate nation and were determined as a small nation of Russia.
Zabaykalskie Buryats have long been inhabited the territory of the Republic of Buryatia and the Trans-Baikal areas. They were pastoralists and their religion was Buddhism. From XVIII century the eastern Buryats started to build Russian type winter huts. Since that time, more and more clearly is a division of nomads to winter, summer and autumn, and for every season of the year formed specific types of division of such settlements presented in the Ethnographic Museum. When this principle is sustained social division of settlements on wealthy and poor pastoralists. Furthermore, in the Trans-Baikal Buryat complex there are several monuments which help to understand the material and spiritual culture of the Transbaikal (eastern) Buryats: residential barn first Buryat revolutionary Ranzhurova XIX century; vehicles - sleigh, carts, gigs, felt yurts (of poor and rich Buryats); Buddhist Temple (arc Devaazhin) of Tamchinsky datsans, stone steles "Maani" with lyrics in sankrits (Tibetan and Old Kyahtinsky languages of the region).
Address: Verhnia Beryozovka 2a, 670027, Russia
Phone: +7 (3012) 33-25-10, +7 (3012) 44-33-10
E-mail: emtp at mail.ru
Source of information - Museum of Transbaikalia
Location on the map
г. Улан-Удэ, ул. Верхняя Березовка, д. 2А