Today marks the 50th anniversary of the first flight of a female cosmonaut.
She had spent in space almost three days on a spaceship "Vostok-6".
Tereshkova engaged in parachuting at the flying club. Since 1959 she did more than 90 jumps.
Valentina Tereshkova was enrolled in the cosmonaut March 12, 1962.
She had made a space flight June 16 1963 by the ship "Vostok-6". Start of the space ship had been performed on Baikonur.
Medical, technical problems had been solved in the flight.
They were compared influence of space flight on the organism of a man and a woman.
The problem of a feed of cosmonauts has been finally solved: they had had four meals consisting of various natural products.
A survival suit was adapted for a female organism, some elements of the ship also had been changed under possibilities of the woman.
Before the start of the space craft Tereshkova had said a phrase "Hey! Sky, take off your hat!! I go!.. ""
During the flight she used a well-known all over the world call-sign "The Seagull," coined by Yuri Gagarin.
Valentina Tereshkova had spent in space two days 22 hours 40 minutes and 48 seconds. During this time, the "Vostok-6" made 48 revolutions around the Earth, having passed a distance of 1 million 971 thousand km, rising to a height of 231.1 km.
She had recorded her observations into the log, she did photos of horizon. which have been used for tracking down of aerosol layers in an atmosphere later.
Cand.Tech.Sci., professor and author of over 50 scientific papers. Valentina Tereshkova received many awards and medals. She is an Honorary Citizen of a lot of cities both in Russia and other countries.
There are monuments of Tereshkova in Moscow and in Altai region, in which her capsule had landed.
Valentina Tereshkova is the first in the history of the Russian army woman- major-general, Hero of the Soviet Union.
in 2000 International association « Woman of the year » had named her the most famous woman of XX century.
The President of Russia Putin presented flowers Tereshkova, on the occasion of the 50th anniversary of the first space flight of the woman.
Tereshkova is ready to fly to Mars, even if she can not go back.
Tereshkova said-"Mars is my favorite planet". This is her dream to visit Mars, find out if there was a life in the planet.
Valentina added that she is ready to go to Mars, "but, unfortunately, the flight will not be soon."